In the midst of all search engines lies Google, the most popular and powerful search engine.
You type in the query, and the search engine provides you with the search results. In most cases you’re satisfied but sometimes, you’re not. This is where learning the proper techniques to type in your search query comes in handy and this is what we’ll explore in this article.
Why The Need To Learn Proper Search Techniques?
Everyone including students, researchers, writers, etc. requires information, and they use search engines for that very reason. People spend most of their time continuously looking for the right information because they’re not aware of the proper search techniques. Learning and using good search techniques will help you in the following ways:
Better search results
Saves your time
Note: Search queries or examples are included inside [ ] for better readability. Please do not include [ ] in your search query.
How To Use Google.Com
Google is a smart and intelligent search engine with many exciting features. But not all the features are rolled out instantly for all versions. Google.com is always first to get feature updates, and then updates are provided in versions specific to different countries such as google.co.uk, google.co.in, or google.sh
Google’s version for your country might not support all the search techniques described below. That’s why, it’s suggested to use google.com to avail maximum benefits of the search features and techniques.
Tip: Typing google.com automatically redirects you to its version for your country, but you can override this behavior by going to www.google.com/ncr
Basic Search Techniques
1. Keep It SimpleKeep your search simple and web-friendly. Start by entering one or two words, and gradually adding relevant or important words, if you’re unsatisfied with the results. Less is more for a search engine; meaning the less words you query for, the more results the search engine provides as output.
Query: [who is the president of america]
Better query: [president of america]
2. Order Of Keywords
Select the right keywords to make your search. Search results completely depend on the given keywords, and if keywords are chosen wisely, then results are more efficient.
Put yourself in the shoes of the author, and think of what words he/she would use to write/describe what you’re trying to find. If you’re looking for a phrase or quote, then keep the order of the words as accurate as possible to get the optimum search results.
Query: [itself divided house cannot stand]
Better query: [A house divided against itself cannot stand] (part of a quote by Abraham Lincoln)
3. Skip Unnecessary Parts
Google is smart enough to handle most of your typos, and other things that could just be ignored. That’s why you should skip those things in your query to save time.
You should not worry about the following when writing a search query:
Cases (uppercase or lowercase)
Punctuation (dot, question mark, exclamation mark, and more)
Special characters (plus, minus, brackets, and more)
4. Social Search
Google is really good at handling searches related to people and social networks. You can search for people and their social profiles using:
By adding a ‘+’ before a profile-name, you can search for Google+ profiles and pages.
For example: [+hongkiat]
Using the ‘#’ before a word enables you to search for hashtags in Google+, Twitter, and more social networks.
For example: [#privacy]
You can search for social accounts associated with a person’s name by putting the ‘@’ sign before his/her name.
For example: [@hongkiat]
Intermediate Search Techniques
Note: Zip codes work very well for the US, but for other countries, it’s better to write the country name followed by the zip code.
For example: [new delhi, india] and [india 110033] is the same.
5. Get Sunrise And Sunset Times
You can use Google to get sunrise and sunset times for many cities of the world. Type your search query in the format of [sunrise place-name] or [sunrise zip-code] to get the sunrise time for the specified location. For sunset times, just subtitute the words as per the following style of [sunset place-name] or [sunset zip-code].
[sunrise chicago, usa] or [sunrise 60611]
[sunset chicago, usa] or [sunset 60611]
Advanced Search Techniques
Note: You can use the Google Advanced Search form for a more convenient search.
6. Synonym Search
You can use the synonym search feature to tell Google to even search for synonyms of a specified word in the search query. This is helpful for when you want to search for a word and all its similar words without having to spend time looking for them individually.
Using the tilde symbol (~) before a word tells Google to search for the words and its synonyms too. Type your search query in the format of [~synonymWord otherWords] to search for the word and its synonyms in a single search.
For example: [~sweet fruit]
7. Search For Numbers In A Range
You can tell Google to search within a range of numbers, such as dates, prices, and measurements. Using two periods (dots) between two numbers makes Google search within that number range and skip other results.
Using two periods after a number indicates a lower minimum (number..) while putting it before the number indicates a higher maximum (..number). Type your search query in the format of [firstNumber..secondNumber otherWords] to search between a specified lower and upper bounds.
[android phone $300..$500]
[television 20..50 inches]
8. Search Using File Types
You can tell Google to search for a specified type of file for your query. Using filetype operators before a type of file tells Google to search only for specified file types and skip other files. Type your search query in the format of [filetype:type otherWords] to search for a specific file type.
For example: [filetype:pdf free photoshop books]
Complex Search Techniques
You can also use more than one of these techniques in a single search query. You can combine the above methods to make a complex search query, which will provide efficient and focused results.
[site:gov filetype:pdf “death rate”]
[site:hongkiat.com photoshop OR “adobe photoshop” tutorials]